Online Resources

Bucky wrote more than twenty books over the course of his career (see Bibliography). Several of these books, including Synergetics I and II are available online at and other sites.

Synergetics 1 and 2

Synergetics, according to E. J. Applewhite, was Fuller's name for the geometry he advanced based on the patterns of energy that he saw in nature. For Fuller, geometry was a laboratory science with the touch and feel of physical models--not rules out of a textbook. It gains its validity not from classic abstractions but from the results of individual physical experience.

Portfolio and Art News Annual, No. 4, 1961
Synergetics Dictionary: The Mind of Buckminster Fuller
Compiled and Edited by E.J. Applewhite
A Fuller Explanation
Amy Edmondson

Amy Edmondson clarifies Buckminster Fuller's synergetic geometry in conventional language and mathematics and illuminates his effort to employ synergetics as a strategy for human survival. Updated author Preface and new Foreword by J. Baldwin.

A Practical Guide to Tensegrity Design
Robert William Burkhardt Jr.